Petrified Wood Indonesia

The rise of petrified wood in Indonesia

What is Petrified Wood? Petrified wood is the fossilization of plant materials, mainly woody stems, trunks, and roots. When a freshly toppled tree is covered with ash or other oxygen-depriving materials, the process of decomposition is halted. Instead, the process of permineralization slowly replaces the organic constituents over time. After millions of years, movements in …

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What is the Difference between Sea Urchins and Sand Dollars

What is the Difference between Sea Urchins and Sand Dollars?

 Sand dollars and sea urchins both belong to the phylum Echinodermata, a group which contains other radially symmetrical animals such as starfish and sea cucumbers. Unlike starfish and sea cucumbers, sea urchins and sand dollars belong to the same class: Echinoidea. Members of this class are part of Echinodermata but have a few differences. The …

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Wonderful pyrite cubes from Navajún, Spain

Wonderful pyrite cubes from Navajún, Spain

What is Pyrite? Pyrite is a beautiful mineral that naturally forms into cubic crystal structures. As seen in the photo above, pyrite can become amazingly cuboidal, nearly perfect. These natural formations look artificial, almost alien in their perfection, yet they are simply the product of explainable geological events which occur all over the world. Pyrite …

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