Large Mosasaurus tooth (10 cm) from Khouribga, Morocco


Mosasaurus tooth from the late cretacious 65 million years old.

Tooth size: 10cm

Matrix size: 14,7 cm

From Oulad Abdoun Basin, Khouribga, Morocco



This tooth was found on the Oulad Abdoun Basin, Khouribga, Morocco.

The Oulad Abdoun Basin (also known as the Ouled Abdoun Basin or Khouribga Basin) is a phosphate sedimentary basin located in Morocco, near the city of Khouribga. It is the largest in Morocco, comprising 44% of Morocco’s phosphate reserves, and at least 26.8 billion tons of phosphate. It is also known as an important site for vertebrate fossils, with deposits ranging from the Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian-Turonian) to the Eocene epoch (Ypresian), a period of about 25 million years.

Mosasaurs (from Latin Mosa meaning the ‘Meuse river’, and Greek σαύρος sauros meaning ‘lizard’) comprise a group of extinct, large marine reptiles containing 38 genera in total. Their first fossil remains were discovered in a limestone quarry at Maastricht on the Meuse in 1764. Mosasaurs probably evolved from an extinct group of aquatic lizards known as aigialosaurs in the Earliest Late Cretaceous. During the last 20 million years of the Cretaceous period (Turonian–Maastrichtian ages), with the extinction of the ichthyosaurs and pliosaurs, mosasaurs became the dominant marine predators. They became extinct as a result of the K-Pg event at the end of the Cretaceous period, about 66 million years ago.